This Explains EXACTLY What Bipolar Mood Disorder Is


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While the term “bipolar mood disorder” was coined fairly recently, there’s nothing new about it.

Previously, we called it manic depression. Famous diagnoses include Catherine Zeta-Jones, Sting and . But do you actually know what Bipolar Mood Disorder is?

It’s Not Just Mood Swings

Medically speaking, Bipolar Mood Disorder (BMD) is actually a spectrum of disorders. It can comprise of mostly manic episodes (“I have so much energy, I can do anything”) and mostly depressive episodes (“I’m too down to get out of bed”). It could also have alternating manic and depressive episodes, or even manic and depressive episodes occurring simultaneously. What they all have in common? Recurrent, dramatic mood changes, says psychiatrist Dr Willem van Rooy.

Watch: 8 Questions Therapists Ask To Diagnose Bipolar Disorder

These aren’t your everyday mood swings — you’re looking at extremes, from unnatural highs to crippling lows, that can last for hours, days or weeks at a time. There’s also an imbalance of neurotransmitters in the brain that can be physically measured — depression is associated with a depletion of serotonin and dopamine, while mania involves increased dopamine activity. But get this: BMD is actually quite common. The World Health Organisation estimates that BMD is the fifth cause of worldwide disability among young adults. In South Africa it affects up to one percent of the population, which may not seem high until you consider that this figure translates into 580 000 people.

Watch: This Video Perfectly Captures What Depression Feels Like

Spot The Signs

Trying to figure out if you have BMD? Peep the symptoms of BMD episodes below — and get help, stat.

Manic Episode

Three or more symptoms lasting at least seven days: elevated or irritable mood, grandiosity, reduced need for sleep, racing thoughts or ideas, distractibility or impaired attention span, involvement in pleasurable yet potentially dangerous activities, increased pressured speech and increased involvement in goal-orientated activity.

Depressive episode

Five or more symptoms within a two-week period: a depressed mood (most of the day, nearly every day), markedly diminished interest in activities, sleep disturbances, psychomotor agitation, feelings of worthlessness and guilt, lack of energy, difficulty in concentrating and suicidal ideation.

Looking for more info? Here are the five most common mental health issues that affect women and tips that’ll help you decided whether you should tell your boss you’re suffering with a mental illness.

If you suspect you, a family member or a friend has bipolar disorder, SADAG on 0800 21 22 23, 8am to 8pm, seven days a week, or log on to for help.

Watch ON: Health Health Advice Mental Health